The Basic Components of a Complete Home Security System

There is a fact you should know is that: 65.8% burglaries are residential. If you are living alone in a house, you have a higher chance to become a good target for thievery / robbery. Protecting yourself and your assets from burglary and robbery become very important. But who will look after your house when you go to work or sleep at night, or when you go on a vacation / business trip? The answer is: A Home Security System does. Now if you are living with the other family members (Your parents, your grandparents, husband/wife, children).

You may have more questions to consider. Who will protect your children / old family members when a dangerous thief breaks in? What can be done to prevent thievery from occurring? Who will care for the elders when all the other members are going on a vacation? Who will help you when there is fire or smoke in your house? You can also find the answer to all these questions in a Home Security System. One more interesting fact you should know is that: A house without security systems is three times as likely to become the target of burglary than a house with security systems. In this article, I will list the devices, components of a typical Home Security System.

Automated security systems are becoming prevalent. However, to get the best results of a Home Security System, you should consider a comprehensive, professional surveillance system to ensure that emergency teams can reach your home quickly. This will also help you to save on your home insurance.
Here is the summary of the key elements of a Complete Home Security System:

A Central Alarm Monitoring System
A Central Alarm Monitoring System

A Central Alarm Monitoring Station will verify the alarms before sending them to the authorities. Usually, users do not select their central station because that is the work of security agents. Communications can be made via telephone lines, cell phones, the Internet. Two-way alarm verification allows the users and the surveillance agents to communicate to verify the alarm before sending the authorities to make the alarm more accurate and to eliminate false alarms.
In some emergency cases, for example, an armed robber is breaking in; the alarms can be sent to the Central Alarm Monitoring Station in the form of pressing a Panic Button. In these cases, the Central Alarm Monitoring Station will send the alert right to the police without verifying. If you decide to install a Panic Button in your house, remember to install it in hidden place kept from the reach of children to avoid false alarms because false alarms in these cases will cost you a fine.

A desk Panic Button
A desk Panic Button

Infrared Sensor Motion Detector
Motion detectors provide a second layer of defense in case an intruder bypasses door sensors or window sensors. Motion detectors are based on Passive Infrared (PIR) technology because they use passive infrared technology to detect the heat emitted by an intruder. Advanced PIR sensors will detect body temperature and movement, and even distinguish between humans and pets, up to a certain size. Motion sensors also act as sensors for human presence. A security agent can program the system to turn off the lights in the room if there is no activity for 15 minutes. The agent can also program the system to turn on the light in the back yard if any motions are detected here, which will scare off the intruders.
Warning signs

A Surveillance Camera warning sign and a Beware-of-dog warning sign

Warning signs are the evidences that your house is not an easy target but a secured target. If the thieves see these signs, they may think of choosing an easier target.
Security Control Panel

As the center of the system, the security console communicates with all devices, including sensors (wired and wireless), sirens, keyboards, central monitoring stations and the Internet. A Home Security System with UL standard (Underwriters Laboratories) will provide a backup battery for 24 hours in the event of a power failure.
The number of detection zones (The possible entry points of thieves) determines the number of sensors needed in the security system. A complete wireless system includes keyboards, sirens other software.
Door / Window Sensors

The door / window sensors are considered the first protection layer (if you have no dog) which is responsible for detecting the opening of doors and windows or glass breaking (in windows). Be sure to install sensors to protect floors and balconies and don’t forget basement, the window well.

Alarm System

Most home security systems have a special alarm tone for burglary and a different alarm type for fire alarms. You should consider a system that provides voice feedback so that it can report specific problems, such as: “There is a thief breaking in in the bedroom window”.

Life Safety Sensors and Environmental Sensors

Most homes have independent smoke detectors (as required by law), but integrating them into a security system ensures a quick response from the fire department. Heat detectors are used to detect fires in areas where there is often smoke or dust, such as kitchens, basements, and garages. Additional sensors can monitor carbon monoxide, natural gas and LP gas.
Water sensors are usually located near water heaters, sewages, pumps and washing machines to detect leakage.
A range of health-related sensors (suitable for the elders) can be integrated with an alarm system, including a pendant integrated with emergency health panic button and a fall detection device.

Keyboards, Touch Screens and Mobile Applications

In an automated home, the touch screen control panel can also act as a security keypad, but at least one dedicated security keypad should be installed in-house. You should place your keyboards in a place where outsiders cannot see the on / off status through the window.
You should also consider using mobile device applications to control your security system when you are going out as well as a wireless remote control (to turn the system on and off with a click).
A Guard Dog

A Security Dog
A Security Dog

A dog buddy is not only a pet but a friend and a home security guard as well. A dog can serve as a 24/7 security monitor and also an 24/7 anti-theft detector. The dog can detect if someone is stalking outside your home and bark at him before your surveillance camera system can see the stalker. This is considered an effective first protection layer for your home. Sometimes, seeing the beware-of-dog sign and hearing the barking of a dog, is enough for burglars to go away and choose an easier target. While it will cost you a lot if you hire a real security guard or some agents to watch your house 24/7 through the surveillance camera system, the cost for having a guard dog is much lower.

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